Knowledge Translation

Summarized versions of published research on a variety of topics of interest to qualified exercise professionals and exercise physiologists.

Cold temperatures can reduce muscle strength and speed but increase muscle activity

2024-01-18T14:46:10-05:00

During everyday life, humans experience fluctuations in temperature which can influence muscle performance. For example, cooling the muscle has been shown to slow muscle contractile speed and decrease strength. February 17, 2021 Mathew Debenham, PhD Candidate School of Health and Exercise Sciences, The University of British Columbia Okanagan Background [...]

Cold temperatures can reduce muscle strength and speed but increase muscle activity2024-01-18T14:46:10-05:00

Wearing a face mask does not limit exercise performance

2024-01-18T14:53:34-05:00

Public health officials have suggested the use of masks to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus. Our results suggest wearing a mask during exercise will have no impact on performance. December 15, 2020 Keely Shaw, PhD Student University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Take home message Wearing a [...]

Wearing a face mask does not limit exercise performance2024-01-18T14:53:34-05:00

Elevated plasma lactate levels via exogenous lactate infusion do not alter resistance exercise-induced signaling or protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle

2024-01-18T14:52:06-05:00

This study explored whether experimentally increasing blood lactate increased muscle protein synthesis, an important process that contributes to an increase in muscle mass. November 20, 2020 Jeremy Cohen, MSc Student, and Chris Pignanelli, PhD Student Human Performance and Health Research Lab, Department of Human Health and Nutritional Science University of Guelph, [...]

Elevated plasma lactate levels via exogenous lactate infusion do not alter resistance exercise-induced signaling or protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle2024-01-18T14:52:06-05:00

Drinking a novel ketone supplement may not affect muscle metabolism or performance during cycling

2024-01-18T14:49:26-05:00

Ingesting the ketone monoester supplement before exercise increased blood ketone levels in 30 minutes. September 1, 2020 Devin G McCarthy, PhD Student Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada This month's article is written by Devin McCarthy. Devin is a PhD student at McMaster University in the Human Performance lab and [...]

Drinking a novel ketone supplement may not affect muscle metabolism or performance during cycling2024-01-18T14:49:26-05:00

High-intensity interval training improves memory in older adults

2024-01-18T14:42:27-05:00

High-intensity interval training may be an effective strategy to counteract age-related declines in memory. August 10, 2020 Katie Kowalski, DPT School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada Take home message 12-weeks of high-intensity interval training performed 3 times per week leads to greater improvements in memory than moderate-intensity [...]

High-intensity interval training improves memory in older adults2024-01-18T14:42:27-05:00

Why can’t I exercise during pregnancy?

2024-01-18T14:51:02-05:00

Time to revisit medical ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ contraindications. July 6, 2020 Victoria L. Meah Program for Pregnancy and Postpartum Health, Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, Women and Children’s Health Research Institute, Alberta Diabetes Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Dr. Victoria Meah is a CIHR/WCHRI-funded Postdoctoral Fellow at the [...]

Why can’t I exercise during pregnancy?2024-01-18T14:51:02-05:00

Rest-redistribution versus traditional sets: a method of maintaining movement velocity and minimizing post-exercise fatigue

2024-01-18T15:14:49-05:00

July 11, 2020 Dalton Deprez, BSc. Kinesiology (Hons), MPT Student College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan This article relates to Dalton’s honours thesis, where he studied the effects of a cluster set configuration on measures of power in sprint athletes under the supervision of Dr. Phil Chilibeck. Dalton will continue his education in [...]

Rest-redistribution versus traditional sets: a method of maintaining movement velocity and minimizing post-exercise fatigue2024-01-18T15:14:49-05:00

Strength training to fight pre-frailty in older females: A pilot study

2024-01-18T15:15:46-05:00

May 11, 2020 Nick Bray, MSc, CSEP-CEP Department of Kinesiology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada This month’s knowledge translation article was written by Nick Bray, a PhD Candidate at Western University and CSEP Clinical Exercise Physiologist. The work presented in this article is the product of Nick’s MSc research while under the supervision of Drs. [...]

Strength training to fight pre-frailty in older females: A pilot study2024-01-18T15:15:46-05:00

Exercise performance is decreased in cool ambient temperatures when core body temperature is reduced

2024-01-18T15:19:20-05:00

February 21, 2020 Matt Mallette, PhD Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The KT committee is introducing a new format for Knowledge Translation articles with an emphasis on how current research may impact practitioners. This month's article is written by Matt Mallette, PhD, Department of Kinesiology and Physical [...]

Exercise performance is decreased in cool ambient temperatures when core body temperature is reduced2024-01-18T15:19:20-05:00

Research in nutritional supplements and nutraceuticals for health, physical activity, and performance: moving forward

2024-01-18T15:15:45-05:00

Background The global market for dietary supplements is estimated to rise to 278 billion USD by 2024. Indeed, researchers and practitioners may be vulnerable to over-interpretation/application of findings in nutrition research. Therefore, it is important for nutrition researchers and practitioners to maintain scientific rigor in their study designs, methodologies, and interpretations How [...]

Research in nutritional supplements and nutraceuticals for health, physical activity, and performance: moving forward2024-01-18T15:15:45-05:00

Research in nutritional supplements and nutraceuticals for health, physical activity, and performance: moving forward

2024-02-20T10:57:32-05:00

January 21, 2020 Robert W Morton, PhD Candidate Population Health Research Institute, David Braley Research Institute, Hamilton, ON, Canada, Department of Pathology & Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada The KT committee is introducing a new format for Knowledge Translation articles with an emphasis on how current research may impact practitioners. This [...]

Research in nutritional supplements and nutraceuticals for health, physical activity, and performance: moving forward2024-02-20T10:57:32-05:00

Beetroot juice consumption does not affect cycling performance or economy in recreationally-active females

2024-01-18T15:29:42-05:00

November 20, 2019 Devin G McCarthy, PhD Student Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada The KT committee is introducing a new format for Knowledge Translation articles with an emphasis on how current research may impact practitioners. This month's article is written by Devin McCarthy. Devin is a second year PhD student at [...]

Beetroot juice consumption does not affect cycling performance or economy in recreationally-active females2024-01-18T15:29:42-05:00

Fatiguing muscle contractions of a small hand muscle can lead to fatigue of the same and other muscles in the opposite limb

2024-01-18T15:17:46-05:00

October 20, 2019 Katie Kowalski, PhD Candidate, DPT School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. Background Muscle fatigue is any activity-induced reduction in maximal strength or power and occurs not only in the muscle that is being exercised, but also in non-exercised muscles on the same or opposite side of the [...]

Fatiguing muscle contractions of a small hand muscle can lead to fatigue of the same and other muscles in the opposite limb2024-01-18T15:17:46-05:00

Research in Nutritional Supplements and Nutraceuticals for Health, Physical Activity and Performance: Moving Forward

2024-02-09T12:08:09-05:00

September 17, 2019 Wendy Ward1, Phillip Chilibeck2, Elena Comelli3, Alison Duncan 4, Stuart Phillips5, Lindsay Robinson4, Trent Stellingwerff6 1Department of Kinesiology, Brock University 2College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan 3Department of nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto and Joannah and Brian Lawson Centre for Child Nutrition, University of Toronto. 4Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, [...]

Research in Nutritional Supplements and Nutraceuticals for Health, Physical Activity and Performance: Moving Forward2024-02-09T12:08:09-05:00

Influenza vaccine response may be influenced by lifestyle factors in highly active young men

2024-01-18T15:23:52-05:00

August 21, 2019 Patricia K. Doyle-Baker1, Andrew Stewart2 1 Human Performance Lab, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary AB T2N 4N1 2Department of Community Health Services, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary AB T2N 4N1  A growing body of literature suggests that not only do overweight and obese individuals experience a [...]

Influenza vaccine response may be influenced by lifestyle factors in highly active young men2024-01-18T15:23:52-05:00

Time Course of Recovery is Similar for the Back Squat, Bench Press, and Deadlift in Well-Trained Males

2024-01-18T15:16:37-05:00

June 19, 2019 Daniel J. Belcher1, Colby A. Sousa1, Joseph P. Carzoli1, Trevor K. Johnson1, Eric R. Helms2, Nishant Visavadiya1, Robert F. Zoeller1, Michael Whitehurst1, Michael C. Zourdos1 1Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL. USA 2 Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ) AUT University, [...]

Time Course of Recovery is Similar for the Back Squat, Bench Press, and Deadlift in Well-Trained Males2024-01-18T15:16:37-05:00

Vitamin and mineral supplement use in medically complex, community-living, older adults

2024-01-18T14:56:07-05:00

May 23, 2019 K.J. Ford.1, D.J. Jorgenson 2, E.J.L. Landry 3, S.J. Whiting1 1 College of Pharmacy & Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK 2 College of Pharmacy & Nutrition & Medication Assessment Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK 3 Medication Assessment Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK Vitamin and mineral supplements have been available for decades. Individuals [...]

Vitamin and mineral supplement use in medically complex, community-living, older adults2024-01-18T14:56:07-05:00

Nervous system control of heart rate in response to exercise during pregnancy

2024-01-18T15:19:40-05:00

April 18, 2019 Craig Steinback.1, Graeme Purdy 1, Brittany Matenchuk 2, Margie Davenport1 1Neuromuscular Health Lab, Program for Pregnancy and Post Partum Health, Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB 2 Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB The nine short months of pregnancy are associated with profound physiological adaptations to [...]

Nervous system control of heart rate in response to exercise during pregnancy2024-01-18T15:19:40-05:00

Aging and Sympathetic Response to Exercise

2024-01-18T15:22:28-05:00

March 13, 2019 C.F. Notarius.A, P.J. Millar A,B, C.J. Doherty B, A.V. Incognito B, N. Haruki A, E. O'Donnell A,C, J.S. Floras A A University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital Division of Cardiology, University of Toronto, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, 200 Elizabeth St. Toronto ON, Canada B Department of Human Health & Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph ON [...]

Aging and Sympathetic Response to Exercise2024-01-18T15:22:28-05:00

Longer muscle lengths may offer a protective effect against preceding activity during explosive performance: The long and short of rate of force development

2024-01-18T15:25:44-05:00

January 21, 2019 M.I. B. Debenham 1, G.A. Power 2 1 University of British Columbia Okanagan, British Columbia, Canada 2 University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada The optimization of explosive performance is important for enhancing athletic performance and for everyday life, such as recovering from a slip, fall or trip. Explosive performance can be quantified by rate of [...]

Longer muscle lengths may offer a protective effect against preceding activity during explosive performance: The long and short of rate of force development2024-01-18T15:25:44-05:00

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