Author: Kate Wickham
Ph.D. Candidate, Environmental Ergonomics Lab, Brock University
- Heat acclimation can prevent fatigue and improve athletic performance in the heat by increasing sweat loss (i.e. removing heat from the body), which can help keep heart rate and body temperature lower.
- Although the benefits of heat acclimation are the same for males and females, males may achieve these adaptations at a faster rate than females.
- More research is needed to explore differences between the sexes on responses to heat acclimation programs to optimize the safety and performance of female athletes in hot environments, such as the Tokyo Olympic Games.
Original Article: Wickham, K.A., Wallace, P.J., and Cheung, S.S. [Sex differences in the physiological adaptations to heat acclimation: a state-of-the-art review] European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2021; 121: 353 – 367.
If you cite any information from this, please consult the original article and cite that source. This summary was written for the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology and it has been reviewed by the CSEP Knowledge Translation Committee.