Knowledge Translation

The following articles were originally published in the CSEP member newsletter, Communiqué.

Longer muscle lengths may offer a protective effect against preceding activity during explosive performance: The long and short of rate of force development

The optimization of explosive performance is important for enhancing athletic performance and for everyday life, such as recovering from a slip, fall or trip. Explosive performance can be quantified by rate of force development, which is how fast force is produced over a given period of time.

Heart rate variability responses to acute and repeated post-exercise sauna in trained cyclists

The use of heat exposure has been a growing area of scientific interest with performance and health benefits reported for adults. Athletes typically undertake exercise in the heat to develop adaptations that lead to improved performance.

Is Achieving Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines Important For Blood Vessel Health in Older Adults?

The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP) recommends that older adults (≥65 years) accumulate 150 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week. Unfortunately, only ~12% of older adults in Canada achieve this recommendation and most spend ~70-80% of their waking hours engaged in sedentary behaviours like sitting

Modulation of motoneurone excitability during rhythmic motor outputs

Walking is a rhythmic motor output that can be performed with little to no conscious effort. Despite seeming like a fairly simple task, walking is actually quite complex with numerous muscles, limbs and joints that must be controlled with precise timing and coordination in order to produce this activity

Can strength training one limb preserve an opposite immobilized limb?

Evidence for the opposite limb (i.e. contralateral) effect of single limb training has existed for well over a century. This inter-limb transfer effect is commonly described as cross-education whereby single limb strength or skill training leads to an enhancement in the opposite untrained limb

A single exercise session may protect the heart of breast cancer patients from chemotherapy

In this study, we aimed to translate the finding demonstrated by research studies in rodents that performing a single treadmill session 24 hours prior to receipt of a class of chemotherapy agents called anthracyclines can protect the heart from the chemotherapy's damaging effects.

Why do team-sport athletes drink fluid in excess when exercising in cool conditions?

Fluid balance is important for optimal physiological functioning, health, and exercise performance. Typically, during exercise in temperatures less than 25oC, team-sport athletes have been found to lose between 1 and 1.5% of pre-exercise body mass.

Loads and Movement Speed Affect Energy Expenditure during Circuit Resistance Exercise

Circuit resistance exercise has become an increasingly popular method for training and generally involves the use of high-intensity intervals with minimal recovery periods. Many people are adopting circuit training because high-intensity workouts require a shorter time commitment than traditional weight training or aerobic training programs.

The effects of compression garments on performance of prolonged manual labour exercise and recovery

High physical demands exist in construction and mining industries, as workers are required to lift, carry, transport and manipulate heavy loads. Movements performed are often repetitive or prolonged in duration, resulting in physiological and psychological fatigue, and consequently impact on worker health and safety.

Effect of participantsí static stretching knowledge or deception on the responses to prolonged stretching

Much of the static stretching (SS) literature reports performance impairments with prolonged SS. However, the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP)(Behm et al. 2016a) position stand illustrated that the SS-induced impairments are not consistent as their SS data revealed 119 significant performance reductions, 145 non-significant findings and 6 significant improvements following SS.

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